Grow Up! Use Cattle Panels for Vertical Gardening

Do you want to maximize every inch of your garden space? Are you looking for a sturdy, versatile way to support vining crops like tomatoes, cucumbers, and melons? Using cattle panels, also known as hog panels or livestock panels, allows gardeners to grow upwards instead of outwards. These heavy-duty galvanized steel panels can be configured into trellises, tunnels, tepees, and other structures perfect for vertical gardening. Repurposing cattle panels is an affordable and durable method for providing climbing plants the necessary support to thrive. In this blog post, we’ll explore everything you need to know about using cattle panels to boost your garden’s productivity.

Vertical gardening with cattle panels allows you to make the most of small spaces by training crops to grow upwards. Taking advantage of vertical space means less disease and pests that affect plants close to the soil. You can increase yields in the same footprint and reduce the need for staking and caging individual vegetable plants. Cattle panels are stronger than typical garden trellises yet surprisingly inexpensive. With a versatile material like cattle panels, you can create customized structures tailored specifically to your garden’s needs and your favorite climbing plants.

What Are Cattle Panels?

Cattle panels, also referred to as livestock panels or hog panels, are galvanized steel fencing grids originally intended for containing livestock. The heavy-gauge steel construction makes them far sturdier than flimsy wooden or plastic trellises. Galvanization applied to the steel provides excellent rust resistance and durability, even in harsh weather. Cattle panels are typically 16 feet long by 52 inches tall. They contain vertical steel rods spaced 4 to 8 inches apart, creating an open grid design. This spacing allows for easy attachment of climbing vegetable plants.

Dimensions and Spacing

The dimension of the openings between the vertical rods ranges from 4 to 8 inches depending on the style. The smaller openings provide more support for lighter plants like peas and beans. The wider openings work better for larger vining plants like tomato, squash, and cucumber. The grids come in various heights, but 52 inches is common for garden trellis purposes.

Weather-Resistant and Long-Lasting

The galvanized steel construction of cattle panels makes them extremely durable for outdoor use. They can withstand years of exposure to sun, wind, rain, and snow. The galvanized coating prevents rusting and deterioration. Their strength means you can reuse cattle panels season after season.

Benefits of Using Cattle Panels for Gardening

Repurposing livestock panels as garden trellises offers many benefits for gardeners looking to maximize space:

Excellent Height for Growing Vertically

At 52 inches tall, cattle panels provide substantial vertical height for growing vining plants upwards. This allows crops like tomatoes, cucumbers, and beans to grow much taller than typical staking methods.

cattle panels for gardening

Strength and Durability

The thick 11-gauge steel construction offers incredibly sturdy support that can handle the weight of mature vegetables and fruits. They won’t bend, sag, or collapse like weaker trellises.


Cattle panels are very affordable, especially compared to pre-fabricated steel garden trellises or wooden options. Their price tag makes these heavy-duty panels a great value.

Adaptable and Versatile

You can bend and shape cattle panels into diverse configurations to suit your garden’s specific needs. This versatility allows you to customize trellises, archways, fences, etc.

Perfect for Climbing Plants

The vertical rods and grid design are ideal for training vining crops to climb upwards securely. This saves space and reduces diseases.

Sturdy Support for Heavy Produce

Cattle panels can easily handle the weight of abundant vegetable plants and fruits. Their strength prevents sagging, even with sizeable melons or squash.

Best Plants for Cattle Panel Trellises

Many climbing vegetable plants that produce on vines are perfectly suited for growing on cattle panel trellises:

  • Tomatoes
  • Cucumbers
  • Pole beans
  • Peas
  • Melons – watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew
  • Squash – zucchini, winter squash, pumpkin
  • Gourds
  • Grapes

These vining crops readily grasp onto cattle panels with their spiraling tendrils or twisting stems. Training them to grow upwards saves space, improves air circulation and light exposure, and reduces the risk of soil-borne diseases.

Cattle Panel Garden Structures

One of the biggest advantages of cattle panels is their versatility for building all kinds of garden structures:


Bend cattle panels into arched tunnels and secure the ends into the ground. This allows you to walk underneath and creates a striking look in the garden.


Connect multiple cattle panels together at the top and spread them out at the bottom to form teepee-style supports for vining crops.


Bend a cattle panel in half to make a simple A-frame, perfect for training cucumbers, tomatoes, and beans up both sides.


Use cattle panels as garden dividers or backdrops for espaliering by securing them to posts in upright fencing.

Vertical Trellises

Affix cattle panels to walls, railing, or poles for straightforward vertical trellises to maximize planting area.

Setting Up Cattle Panels in Your Garden

Installing cattle panels as trellises in your garden is a relatively simple process. Here are some tips:


You will need cattle panels along with posts, poles, or other structures to attach them to. To secure the panels, use heavy-duty wire, metal brackets, or robust twine or cable ties.

Shaping the Panels

Bend cattle panels to the desired shape by hand or using a rubber mallet. Curve them into arches or diagonally for A-frames. For straight vertical trellises, no bending is necessary.

Securing the Structures

Anchor both ends of shaped cattle panels into the ground using 8′ – 10′ wooden or metal posts. You can also attach panels to existing structures like walls, fences, or railings. Use sturdy wire, brackets, or zip ties to reinforce.

Allow Height and Space

Make sure trellises are tall enough for the mature size of your climbing plants. Leave at least 1 foot between the panel top and supports to permit growth. Space panels far enough apart for ample light and air flow.


Periodically check cattle panel structures and re-secure any loose connections. Prune back vegetation to keep it contained within the bounds of the trellis and prevent overgrowth.

Cattle Panel Tips and Tricks for Gardening

Here are some creative ways to use cattle panels beyond traditional trellises:

Raised Beds

Bend cattle panels into a U-shape to instantly create raised garden beds. Fill with a quality potting mix for intensive planting. The vertical sides help deter pests and retain soil and moisture.

Living Walls

Transform drab walls and fences into vertical gardens. Secure cattle panels horizontally and plant cascading flowers like petunias or trailing veggies such as peas.

Shade Structures

Attach cattle panels in angled lean-to structures to provide shade and protection from sun scorch. This is especially helpful for fragile greens and herbs.

Privacy Screens

Use cattle panels as inexpensive sight barriers along property borders. They maintain airflow better than solid fences. Plant climbers along them to enhance the look.

Repurposing metal cattle panels intended for livestock into garden trellises is a clever, affordable way to maximize your growing space. These durable, galvanized steel grids can be configured into diverse shapes and structures to accommodate vining crops. Grow tomatoes, cukes, beans, melons and more vertically with cattle panel supports to improve yields, reduce diseases, and add striking visual interest to your garden. With a bit of creativity, you can craft customized trellises exactly suited to your site. Cattle panels are endlessly adaptable for training and lifting all sorts of climbing plants to new heights!

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